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Indian Philosophy


Mandukya Upanishad Paperback by Swami Gambhirananda (trans)

by: Watkins Books

The Mandukya Upanisad and Karika, with the English translation of the commentary of Sri Sañkaracärya, is the third in the series to be published by us, after the Aitareya Upanisad and the Mundaka Upanisad. This is to be followed very soon by the Prasna Upanisad. These four Upanisads together constitute Volume Two of Eight Upanisads by the same author.

In the translation of the commentary, the words quoted from the text by Sañkarãcarya are given in italics. These are followed by commas and the English equivalents. Informative explanatory footnotes have been added wherever necessary.

This Upanisad derives its name after its seer Manduka, and belongs to the Atharva- Veda. Though it is the shortest of the principal Upanisads, having only twelve passages, it presents the quintessence of the entire Upanisadic teaching. It analyses the whole gamut of human consciousness, in the three states of waking (jãgrat), dream (svapna), and dreamless sleep (susupti). It asserts unequivocally that the ultimate Reality is non-dual (advaita) by adopting a unique method of investigating the three states of human consciousness, and proclaims the Mahavakya (sacred dictum): ayamatma brahma (this self is Brahman).