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Theurgy: Theory and Practice by P.D. Newman

by: Gardners




Connects the magical practice of theurgy to the time of Homer. First defined by the second century Chaldean Oracles, theurgy is an ancient magic practice whereby practitioners divinized the soul and achieved mystical union with a deity, the Demiurge, or the One. In this detailed study, P. D. Newman pushes the roots of theurgy all the way back before the time of Homer. He shows how the Chaldean Oracles were not only written in Homeric Greek but also in dactylic hexameter, the same meter as the epics of Homer.

Linking the Greek shamanic practices of the late Archaic period with the theurgic rites of late antiquity, the author explains how both anabasis, soul ascent, and katabasis, soul descent, can be considered varieties of shamanic soul flight and how these practices existed in ancient Greek culture prior to the influx of shamanic influence from Thrace and the Hyperborean North. The author explores the many theurgic themes and symbolic events in the Odyssey and the Iliad, including the famous journey of Odysseus to Hades and the incident of the funeral pyre of Patroclus. He presents a close analysis of On the Cave of the Nymphs, Porphyry's commentary on Homer's Odyssey, as well as a detailed look at Proclus' symbolic reading of Homer's Iliad, showing how both of these Neoplatonists describe the philosophical theory and the technical ritual praxis of theurgy.

Using the Chaldean Oracles as a case study, Newman examines in detail the methods of telestikae, a form of theurgic statue animation, linking this practice to ancient Egyptian and Greek traditions as well as theurgic techniques to divinize the soul. Revealing how the theurgic arts are far older than the second century, Newman's study not only examines the philosophical theory of theurgy but also the actual ritual practices of the theurgists, as described in their own words.